Blood pressure in men – diagnosis and treatments
High blood pressure in men is a big health issue. About one in three adult men suffer from hypertension that results in high blood pressure. Over half of men above 60 and older suffer from it.
Typically increasing with age, blood pressure has found its way in younger men too. Obesity, family history and unhealthy lifestyles are some of its reasons.
Blood pressure in detail
Blood pressure is the degree to which the heart pumps blood through the blood vessels. Similar to water being pumped through a water pipe, the blood flows through blood vessels. And just like the water flowing through the pipes can affect the inner lining of the pipes, high blood pressure can damage the blood vessels.
Over time, if left unchecked, this causes a wide spectrum of health problems – from ruptured blood vessels to enlarged heart muscles, damage to kidneys and even heart attacks and blurry vision. Normal blood pressure is thus considered to be hovering at around 120/80 to 130/90. Anything above that is generally considered to be abnormal.
What causes high blood pressure in men?
High blood pressure is caused by several reasons:
- Diet plays a primary role.
- Too much salt consumption alters normal pumping of blood.
- Lack of potassium does the same.
- Alcohol consumption is bad for both the heart and blood pressure.
- Stress results in hypertension.
- Lack of exercise.
How is this diagnosed?
There are several ways one can diagnose high blood pressure.
- Blood pressure test that involves a cuff wrapped around the upper arm.
- Measuring systolic pressure that indicates when the heart is beating.
- Measuring diastolic, that is the pressure between the beats.
Why is blood pressure so dangerous?
Blood pressure poses some serious problems if left unchecked, as listed below:
- It damages the arteries resulting in arteriosclerosis. This leads to hardening of the blood vessels due to cell damage and can result in heart failure.
- Arteriosclerosis further leads to fat deposits making the vessels even more inflexible. Damage caused can lead to chest pain, angina, eye damage and strokes.
- Aneurysm which is the inflation of an artery than can lead to instant death due to internal bleeding.
- Enlarged left heart. Because high blood pressure forces the heart to pump more blood, its left ventricle enlarges over time leading to increased chances of heart strokes.
- Heart failure. Blood pressure eventually results in weakening of heart uncles thus leading to its failure.
- Dementia, that is a brain disease affecting memory, vision and movement. One of the causes is abnormal blood pressure that damages arteries in the brain.
- Chronic kidney damage and failure.
How is blood pressure treated?
- Start exercising as that normalizes blood pressure.
- Workouts also burn fat deposits that block blood flow and alter blood pressure.
- Change the diet pattern with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
- Cut down on salt and increase consumption of potassium. Ideally, take no more than 2,300 milligrams of salt per day
- Remain smart, active and healthy for the heart and pressure to keep functioning smoothly.